Companies (Declaration of Dividend out of Reserves) Rules, 1975
Published vide Notification Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Point 2, Section 3(1), dated 24th July, 1975
(i) the rate of the dividend declared shall not exceed the average of the rates at which dividend was declared by it in the five years immediately preceding that year or ten per cent of its paid-up capital, whichever is less;
(ii) the total account to be drawn from the accumulated profits earned in previous years and transferred to the reserves shall not exceed an amount equal to one-tenth of the sum of its paid up capital and free reserves and the amount so drawn shall first be utilised to set off the losses incurred in the financial year before any dividend in respect of preference or equity shares is declared ; and
(iii) the balance of reserves after such drawl shall not fall below fifteen per cent of its paid-up share capital.Explanation. - For the purposes of this rule, "profits earned by a company in previous years and transferred by it to the reserves" shall mean the total amount of net profits after tax, transferred to reserves as at the beginning of the year for which the dividend is to be declared; and in computing the said amount, the appropriations out of the amount transferred from the Development Rebate Reserve (at the expiry of the period specified under the Income-tax Act, 1961 (43 of 1961) shall be included and all items of Capital Reserves including reserves created by revaluation of assets shall be excluded.
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