The East Punjab Agricultural Pests, Diseases and Noxious Weeds Act, 1949
East Punjab Act 4 of 1949
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY 6
Preliminary1. Short title and extent. - (1) This Act may be called the East Punjab Agricultural Pests Diseases and Noxious Weeds Act, 1949. (2) It extends to the whole of the [State] of [Haryana].
Object & Reasons6
|Statement of Objects and Reasons. - As a result of work carried out by the Provincial Department of Agriculture for the protection of crop and fruit plants against damage from insect pests, plant diseases, flowering parasites and noxious weeds, simple and effective measures have been devised. In order to control these enemies of the farmers which result in heavy financial loss running into crores of rupees, the Agriculture Department has been carrying on intensive propaganda in the affected areas and has been helping the cultivators in adopting the control measures. Owing to apathy on the part of some cultivators, however, in the absence of real co-ordinated effort it has not been possible so far to eradicate these pests, diseases and weeds effectively. No measures against these pests are likely to succeed unless they are simultaneously brought into operation by all the cultivators concerned. It is, therefore, absolutely essential for the Government of the East Punjab to take powers to coerce the recalcitrant minority which sets itself in opposition against any progressive movement. The legislation proposed now is intended to facilitate the execution of such beneficial schemes for improvement. Vide East Punjab Government Gazette Extraordinary, dated the 8th October, 1949, p. 590.|
(2) "Inspector" means an inspector appointed under section 10;
(3) "Notified Area" means any area specified in the notification issued under section 3 in which a declaration made under the said section shall remain in force;
(4) "noxious weed" means any weed declared to be a noxious weed by notification under section 3;
(5) "occupier" means the person having for the time being the right of occupation of any land or premises or his authorised agent or any person in actual occupation of the land or premises and includes a local authority having such right of occupation or in such actual occupation;
(6) "plant" includes all agricultural or horticultural crops, trees, bushes or herbs, or the seed, fruit or any other part thereof which is used for food of man or beast or for any purposes in connection with art or manufacture;
(7) "plant disease" means any fungoid, bacterial virus, parasitical or other disease declared to be a plant disease by notification under section 3;
(8) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act.
[Pests], Plant Diseases and Noxious Weeds3. Power to declare insect, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, plant diseases and noxious weeds and direct measures to eradicate or prevent them. - Whenever it appears to the [State] Government that any [insect, vertebrate or invertebrate animal] disease or weed is injurious to plants in any local area and that it is necessary to take measures to eradicate such [insect, vertebrate or invertebrate animal] disease or weed or to prevent its introduction, spread or re-appearance, the [State] Government may by notification in the official Gazette -
(ii) specify the local area within which and the period during which such declaration shall remain in force;
(iii) prohibit or restrict the movement or removal of any plant, earth, soil manure or other thing from one place to another;
(iv) direct the carrying out of such preventive or remedial measures, including the destruction of any [pest], plant disease or noxious weed or any plant as the [State] Government may deem necessary, in order to eradicate such pest, disease or weed, or to prevent its introduction, spread or re- appearance; and
(v) prescribe the period within which it shall not be lawful to plant with a specified crop in the whole or any portion of the notified area.4. Duties of occupier on the issue of a notification under section 3. - (1) On the issue of a notification under section 3, every occupier within the notified area shall be bound to carry out the preventive or remedial measures mentioned in such notification. [(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, in the event of any area being invaded, or in danger of an invasion, by locusts, the Collector of the district or other officer authorised by him in this behalf may call upon any male person not below the age of 14 years resident in the district to render all possible assistance in carrying out preventive or remedial measures and in the destruction of locusts]; Provided as follows :-
(i) No person who is by virtue of old age or any physical disability incapable of rendering assistance or who lives at a distance of more than five miles from the place where his presence is required, shall be called upon to render any such assistance;
(ii) it shall not be necessary to notify every person individually for his services, and a proclamation by beat of drum or other customary mode in the village or locality shall be deemed sufficient notice to all affected persons residing in that village or locality.(3) Any person who fails to render the assistance required of him under sub- section (2) shall, on conviction [-] be punishable with fine which may extend to fifty rupees or in default to simple imprisonment for a period not exceeding ten days, and the offence shall be tried summarily as provided in section 260 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (V of 1908). 5. Power of Inspector to enter upon any land or premises. - Any Inspector may, after giving the prescribed notice, enter upon any land or premises, situated in the notified area within his local jurisdiction for the purposes of ascertaining -
(i) whether there is any [pest], plant disease or noxious weed on such land or premises; and
(ii) whether the preventive or remedial measures or both, as the case may require, mentioned in the notification issued under section 3 have been carried out.6. Notice to occupier to carry out preventive or remedial measures. - (1) If, on the inspection of any land or premises under section 5, the inspector finds that there is any [pest], plant disease or noxious weed on such land or premises and that the preventive or remedial measures mentioned in the notification issued under section 3 have not been carried out, the Inspector may, subject to any general or special orders of the [State], Government, call upon the occupier of such land or premises, by notice in writing, to carry out such preventive or remedial measures within the time specified in such notice]. Clauses (2), (3) and (4) omitted vide Haryana Act 29 of 1973. [6A. Power of the State Government to get measures carried out. - (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, where it appears to State Government that it is necessary to take immediate measures to eradicate any pest, plant disease or noxious weed from any area notified under Section 3, it may at the expense of all the occupiers in such area, cause to be carried out such preventive or remedial measures, including the destruction of any pest, plant disease or noxious weed or any plant, as the State Government may deem necessary. (2) The cost of any measures carried out under sub-section (1) shall be payable by each occupier in such proportion as may be determined by the State Government on demand made to him within a period of thirty days from the date of such demand and, if not so paid, shall be recoverbale from him as an arrear of land revenue.] 7. Failure to comply with notice under section 6 and power of Inspector to carry out measures. - (1) If any occupier upon whom a notice has been served under sub-section (1) of section 6 does not comply with such notice within the time specified therein below [-] the Inspector may carry out at the expense of the occupier the preventive of remedial measures mentioned in such notice or order. 8. Duty of certain village officers to report appearance of pest, plant disease or noxious weeds. - (1) If any [pest], plant disease or noxious weed appears in any village adjoining a notified area, the Patwari or Lambardar of such village shall forthwith report the fact to such officer as the [State] Government may appoint in this behalf. (2) The officer aforesaid shall on receipt of such report and after making such further inquiry as he may deem necessary forward it to the [State] Government through the Director of Agriculture with his remarks thereon. 9. Offences and Penalties. - (1) Whoever removes any plant, earth, soil, manure or other thing in contravention of the directions contained in a notification issued under section 3 shall, on conviction [-] be punishable with fine which may extend to Rs. 50 or in default to simple imprisonment for a period not exceeding ten days. (2) Any occupier who fails to comply with a notice given under sub-section (1) of section 6 [***] shall, on conviction [-] be punishable with fine which may extend to Rs. 50 or in default to simple imprisonment for a period not exceeding ten days. (3) Whoever having once been convicted of an offence under sub-section (1) or (2) of this section is again convicted of an offence under either of these sections shall be punishable with fine which may extend to Rs. 250 or in default to simple imprisonment not exceeding one month.
General10. Appointment of Inspectors. - The [State] Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint persons as Inspectors for such local areas as may be specified in the notification. 11. Bar of suits or other legal proceedings. - (1) No suit, prosecution or legal proceedings shall lie against the [State] Government or any officer of the [State] Government in respect of anything in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act or of any damage to property caused by any action taken in good faith in carrying out the provisions of this Act. (2) No prosecution under the Act shall be commenced without the previous sanction of the Collector or other officer authorised by the [State] Government in this behalf more than after three months from the date of the commission of the alleged offence. 12. Delegation of powers. - The powers conferred on the [State] Government under this Act, may, with the exception of the powers under section 13, be delegated by the [State] Government to any officer. 13. Rules. - (1) The [State] Government may, from time to time, make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect of the provisions of this Act. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provision, such rules may be made for all or any of the following purposes :-
(a) the form or manner of giving notice under section 5;
(b) the manner of making an inquiry under section 5;
(c) the method of publication of description of [pest], plant diseases, noxious weeds and the treatment to be followed;
(d) the qualifications required of the Inspectors;
(e) prescribing the officers to whom an appeal may be made and procedure to be followed in such appeal;
(f) prescribing the notices and methods of service thereof, and registers needed for the effective working of the Act; and
(g) generally to carry out the purposes of this Act.(3) The rules made under this section shall be subject to the condition of being made after previous publication.