The Punjab Motor Spirit (Taxation of Sales) Act, 1939
Punjab Act No. 1 of 1939
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY 6
Preliminary1. Short title and commencement. - (1) This Act may be called the Punjab Motor Spirit (Taxation of Sales) Act, 1939. (2) It shall come into force [in the principal territories] on such date as the Governor may be [notification appoint [and in the transferred territories on the 24th May, 1957.]] 2. Definitions. - [* * * *.] In this Act unless there be anything repugnant in the context, -
(a) "Government" means the [Haryana] Government;
(b) "magistrate" means any magistrate exercising powers not less than those of a magistrate of the second class;
(c) "motor spirit" means any inflammable hydro-carbon (including any mixture of hydro-carbons or any liquid containing hydro-carbon) which is ordinarily used for providing reasonably efficient motive power for any form of motor vehicle;
(d) "penalty" means a penalty imposed under section 9 of this Act;
(e) "Petrol Taxation Officer" means such officer not below the rank of an [Assistant Excise and Taxation Officer], as may be appointed by Government to discharge the duties of a petrol taxation officer under this Act with reference to any particular areas;
(f) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this act;
(i) "sale" and "sell" include exchange, barter and also the consumption of motor spirit by the [-] dealer himself;
(j) "vehicle" includes any carriage or conveyance used on land or in water or air;
[(k) "Excise and Taxation Commissioner" means the person for the time being appointed by Government to perform all or any of the functions and exercise all or any of the powers of the Excise and Taxation Commissioner; and
(l) "Deputy Excise and Taxation Commissioner" means the person for the time being appointed by Government to perform all or any of the functions and exercise all or any of the powers of the Deputy Excise and Taxation Commissioner in any specified local area].
Taxation3. Imposition of tax. - (1) [There shall be levied and paid to the Government on all sales of motor spirit a tax at such rate not exceeding [fifteen paise] per litre and from such date as the Government may; by notification, direct] : Provided that no sale of motor spirit at a stage subsequent to the first stage shall be liable to tax under this Act if the dealer effecting the sale at the subsequent stage furnishes to the Petrol Taxation Officer in the prescribed form and manner a certificate duly filled in and signed by the dealer from whom he purchased the motor spirit to the effect that the tax in respect of such sale has been paid. Explanation. - For the purposes of this sub-section and sub-section (1) of section 6, the first stage of sale of motor spirit shall be such as the Government may, by notification, specify; and [(2) The [* * *] Government may by notification exempt any [- ] sales of motor spirit from liability to pay tax under the Act, either wholly or partially and on such conditions as it may think fit to impose.] [3A. Levy of surcharge. - (1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, there shall be [sic] a dealer liable to pay tax, a surcharge at the rate of two percentum on the amount of tax payable by him under this Act, for a period of one year from the date of commencement of this Act. (2) The provisions of this Act shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to the surcharge payable under sub-section (1), as they apply to the tax payable under this Act. (3) The State Government may, by notification, discontinue the levy of surcharge at any time before the expiry of the period specified in sub-section (1).] 4. Recovery of taxes as arrears of land revenue. - When the payment of any tax or penalty under this Act falls due the amount may be recovered as if it were an arrear of land revenue. 5. Power to determine certain questions. - (1) Any question as to whether a tax or penalty is recoverable under this Act, the person from whom it is due and the amount so recoverable shall be determined by the Petrol Taxation Officer for the area where the sale takes place. (2) No such order shall be made final until an opportunity has been given to any person concerned to appear in person or by duly authorised agent before the Petrol Taxation Officer; but once the order has been made final a certificate given under the hand of the Petrol Taxation Officer, shall, subject to the provisions of this Act with regard to appeal, review and revision, be final and conclusive proof both as to the amount of the tax or penalty which is due and as to the person from whom it is due.
Licensing of [-] Dealers.[6. Persons not to carry on business as dealers without licence. - (1) After the expiry of a period of two months from the 21st day of July, 1967 no person shall carry on business as a dealer unless he is in possession of a valid licence : Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall apply to a dealer who does not effect the sale of motor spirit at the first stage.] (2) All licences for the [-] sale of motor spirit granted under this Act before the 21st day of July, 1967 shall be deemed to have been cancelled on the expiry of a period of two months from such date. 7. - (1) Except as provided hereunder, a license shall be granted to any person applying therefor [in the prescribed form] to the Petrol Taxation Officer on payment of a fee of not more than five rupees, if any, as may be prescribed. (2) Every such license shall be valid without renewal only up to the thirty- first day of March following the date on which it is granted, but may be renewed annually. (3) The grant or renewal of a licence may be refused if any previous license of the applicant [or if the applicant or any person with whom the applicant has been working as a partner] has been cancelled [or if the applicant or any person with whom he has been working as a partner has been convicted of any offence relating to the motor spirit] or if the Petrol Taxation Officer is satisfied that the application has been made only for the purpose of enabling any person to carry on business as a [-] dealer without a license; (4) No licence under this Act [except in the case of a license for the [-] sale of powerine or diesel oil] shall be granted to any person who does not hold a licence for the storage of dangerous petroleum under the Petroleum Act, 1934, and if any such license granted under that Act is cancelled, suspended or is not renewed, any license granted under this Act to the holder thereof shall be deemed to be cancelled, suspended or not renewed as the case may be. (5) If an application for the renewal of a license under this Act is made within such time before its expiry as may be prescribed by Government, the holder of the license shall be deemed to be in possession of a valid license until the license is renewed or until he is informed that the renewal of the license has been refused. 8. Suspension or cancellation and restoration of a license. - (1) The Petrol Taxation Officer may after giving the licensee an opportunity to be heard, suspend or cancel a license for a breach of any of the conditions which may be prescribed as the conditions subject to which a license is granted. (2) A licensee shall not be entitled to any compensation for the suspension or cancellation of his license under the foregoing sub-section. (3) A license cancelled or suspended under this section may be restored by the Petrol Taxation Officer on payment of such fee as may be prescribed.
Penalties and Powers to Prevent Evasion.9. Imposition of penalty. - If any tax due under this Act is not paid within the time fixed by notice issued in the prescribed manner, the Petrol Taxation Officer may impose a penalty not exceeding the amount of the tax due, in addition to the payment of the tax. Provided that no such penalty shall be imposed unless the person on whom it is to be imposed or his duly authorised agent is given an opportunity of being heard by the Petrol Taxation Officer. 10. Punishment for unauthorised sale. - Whoever contravenes the provisions of section 6 shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees or to a sum double the amount of the tax due in respect of the sale of any motor spirit conducted by or on behalf of such person, whichever is greater. 11. Issue of warrants. - (1) A Magistrate may issue a warrant -
(a) for the arrest of any person whom he has reason to believe to have committed an offence punishable under this Act, or
(b) for the search, whether by day or by night, of any building, vessel, vehicle or place in which he has reason to believe that any motor spirit is sold or is kept for sale.(2) All warrants issued under this section, shall be executed in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, by a Police Officer or if the Officer issuing the warrant deems fit, by any other person. 12. Searches how made. - All searches made under the provisions of this Act shall be made in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898. 13. Procedure for arrest without warrant. - The provisions of section 61 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, shall apply to all arrests without warrant made under the provisions of this Act. 14. Duty of certain persons to report offences, etc. - Every person employed by Government, by any local body or by the Court of Wards, every village headman, village accountant and village watchman shall give immediate information to the [Deputy Excise and Taxation Commissioner] of the commission of any offence or of the intention of preparation to commit any offence punishable under this Act which may come to his knowledge. 15. Power of investigation. - (1) Every office of the [Excise and Taxation] Department not below such rank as may be prescribed shall, within the area for which he is appointed, have power to investigate all offences punishable under this Act. (2) Every such officer shall, in the conduct of such investigation exercise the powers conferred by the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, upon an officer in charge of a police station for the investigation of a cognizable offence. (3) Every such officer may enter at any reasonable time the premises of any [-] dealer and with or without notice examine and take copies or extracts from any account books or registers for the purpose of testing the accuracy of any prescribed returns or of informing himself as to any particulars regarding which information is required for the purposes of this Act or of any rules thereunder. (4) Every such officer may detain and arrest any person whom he has reason to believe to be guilty of any offence punishable under this Act. 16. Offences to be bailable. - All offences punishable under this Act shall be bailable. 17. Punishment for vexatious search or arrest. - Any officer or person exercising powers under this Act who -
(a) without reasonable ground of suspicion, enters or searches, or causes to be entered or searched, any building vessel, vehicles or place; or
(b) vexatiously and unnecessarily detains, searches or arrests any person,shall on conviction be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees. 18. Punishment for vexatious delay. - Any officer or person exercising powers under this Act who vexatiously and unnecessarily delays forwarding to a Magistrate any person arrested under this Act and not released by him on bail shall on conviction be punishable with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees. 19. Power to compound offences. - (1) The [Deputy Excise and Taxation Commissioner concerned] may accept from any person who has committed an offence punishable under this Act, by way of composition of such offence, a sum of money not exceeding one thousand rupees or a sum double the amount of the tax payable under section 3 in respect of any sale conducted by such person, whichever is greater. (2) On the payment of such sum of money to the [Deputy Excise and Taxation Commissioner concerned], the accused person, if in custody, shall be discharged, and no further proceedings shall be taken against such person in respect of such offence.
Miscellaneous20. Powers. - The powers of Government to appoint any person or to invest any person with any authority prescribed by the Act may be exercised by the [Excise and Taxation] Commissioner, subject to the orders of Government. 21. Protection of persons acting in good faith and limitation of suits and prosecution. - (1) Any civil or criminal proceedings instituted against any person in respect of any act done or purporting to be done in the exercise of any powers or the execution of any duty under this Act shall be dismissed unless the court is satisfied that the Act complained of was not done in good faith. (2) No suit shall be instituted against the [Government] and no prosecution or suit shall be instituted against any person in respect of anything done or intended to be done, under this Act, unless the suit or prosecution has been instituted within six months from the date of the act complained of. 22. Appeal and revision. - (1) Any person aggrieved by any order under this Act or rules made thereunder other than an order made by a criminal court, may appeal- [* * * *]
(b) to the [Deputy Excise and Taxation Commissioner, concerned] if such order is passed by any other officer or person exercising powers under this Act.(2) Every order passed in appeal under this section shall, subject to the powers of revision conferred by sub-section (3), be final. (3) The [Excise and Taxation] Commissioner may at any time, call for and examine the record of any order of, or the proceedings recorded by, any officer or person for the purpose of satisfying himself as to the legality or propriety of such order passed by, or as to the regularity of such proceedings of such officer or person and may pass such order in reference thereto as he thinks fit. 23. Review. - Any order made under this Act, other than an order made by a criminal court, may be reviewed by the officer making it or his successor, but not to the disadvantage of the person against whom it is made, unless he has done anything to mislead the officer passing the order. 24. Power to make rules. - (1) Government may make rules to carry out all or any of the purposes of this Act.] (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, Government may make rules for the purpose of -
(a) the recovery of the tax leviable under section 3 including the fixing of the time when the tax is to be paid,
(b) the fixing of licence fees,
(c) imposing on [-] dealers the duty of furnishing returns and of keeping records and registers of stocks and daily sales prescribing forms for such returns, and registers of stocks and daily sales and the particulars to be contained therein, respectively, and the manner in which the same are to be verified and all such other conditions thereof as may be necessary and prescribing a period within which such returns must be submitted.
(d) prescribing the localities in which motor spirit may be sold, the assessment of tax and the issue of notices requiring payment and for the recovery of unpaid tax,
(e) providing for or restricting the assignment or transfer of licences and the manner in which licences granted to firms are to operate during the period of or on the dissolution of a partnership.
(f) prescribing the arrangements to be made when a licensee dies or becomes subject to a legal disability, the period during which, and the persons by whom the business of such a licensee may be carried on without an license,
(g) requiring the production of licences on demand, and
(h) prescribing the period (which shall not be less than one month from the date of the order appealed against) within which an appeal under section 22 of the Act may be presented; and prescribing the manner in which such appeal shall be presented.