The Punjab Riverain Boundaries Act, 1899
Punjab Act 1 of 1899
Passed by the Lieutenant-General of The Punjab in Council[Dated 17th May, 1899, 19th June, 1899] Received the assents of the Lieutenant-Government on the 17th May, 1899, and that of the Governor-General on the 19th June, 1899, and was first published in the [Punjab Government Gazette] of the 3rd August, 1899.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY 6
Power to fix boundary between riverain estates. - "101-A. (1) When any two or more estates are subject to river action and the limits of any such estates are, by any law, custom, decree or order applicable thereto, liable to vary according as variations may from time to time occur in the course of action of such river, the [State Government] may, [ * * * * * ] order a permanent boundary line to be fixed between any such estates or such portions thereof as are liable to river action.(2) Upon an order being made under sub-section (1), the Collector shall fix a boundary line between such estates or portions of such estates accordingly, and shall demarcate the same, in accordance with the rules (if any) made under Section 100 and the provisions of section 101. (3) Every such boundary line shall be fixed with due regard to the history of the estates, and the interests of the persons, respectively owning them or possessing rights therein, in such manner as may be just and equitable in the circumstances of each case. (4) No such boundary line shall be deemed to have been permanently fixed until it has been approved by the Financial Commissioner."
Application for immediate transfer of rights reserved under the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 101-B upon payment of compensation and procedure thereupon. Award of compensation and extinguishment of rights thereby. - "101-C. (1) When any order has been made under the proviso to sub-section (1) of section 101-B, the land-owners (or any of them) in whom, but for such order, the rights in the land specified therein, would vest, may apply, in writing to the Collector to forthwith transfer the rights the transfer of which has been suspended by such order, upon payment of compensation for the same.(2) When an application under sub-section (1) is made, the Collector shall -
(a) fix a day for the hearing of the application;
(b) cause notice of the application, and of the day fixed for the hearing thereof, to be served on, or proclaimed for the information of, all persons recorded as having rights in the land specified in the order made under the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 101-B, and all other persons interested or claiming to be interested therein;
(c) upon the day so fixed for hearing, or any day to which the hearing may be adjourned, inquire into the rights in the land and award compensation in respect of all rights found established therein, to the persons severally entitled thereto;
(d) inform the applicant of the aggregate amount of compensation so awarded and require him to deposit the amount with the Collector on or before a day to fixed by him in that behalf :Provided that, notwithstanding anything in this sub-section contained, it shall be lawful for the Collector, in his discretion, and at any time before an award of compensation thereon has been made, to reject any application made under sub-section (1). (3) India Act 1 of 1894. In awarding compensation under sub-section (2), the Collector shall be guided by the provisions of section 23, and section 24 of the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, so far as the same may be applicable to circumstances of the case. (4) Upon the fifteenth day of May next after the whole amount of compensation so awarded has been deposited with the Collector, the order made under the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 101-B, shall cease to operate and the rights specified therein shall be transferred and vest in the manner prescribed in sub-section (1) of Section 101-B, notwithstanding anything in the proviso thereof contained, and the Collector shall proceed to tender the compensation to the persons severally entitled to receive the same under his award. If any such person shall refuse to accept the sum so awarded and tendered to him, it shall be placed to his credit in the public treasury. (5) When any order made under the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 101-B, shall, under the provisions of sub-section (4) of this section, cease to operate and determine, all rights reserved to any person by such order, shall be extinguished."
Order under the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 101-B to cease to apply to right voluntarily transferred to a land-owner of the estate to which the land is transferred by fixing boundary. - "101-D. When any person possessing any rights in any land, in regard to the rights in which an order has been made under the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 101-B, voluntarily transfers such rights to any land-owner of the estate, in the land-owners of which, but for such order, such rights would vest under the operation of sub-section (1) of Section 101-B, the rights so transferred shall forthwith cease to be subject to such order."
Rights transferred to be liable to all the incidents of tenure of the estate to which the transfer is made. - "101-E. In every case in which, by the operation of section 101-B, or section 101-C, or section 101-D, proprietary or other rights in land are transferred from the land-owners and other right- holders of any one estate to the land-owners of any other estate, such rights shall be subject to all the incidents of tenure and liabilities, which, under any law or custom for the time being in force, apply to the rights of the land-owners of the estate to which such rights are so transferred."
Meaning of the expression Collector in Sections 101-A, 101-B and 101-C. - "101-F. For the purposes of sections 101-A, 101-B and 101-C, respectively, the expression "Collector" shall be deemed to include any Revenue Officer appointed by the [State Government] to perform all or any of the functions of a Collector under any of the provisions thereof."3. Clause added to sub-section (2) of Section 158 of India Act XVII of 1887. - After clause (xviii) of sub-section (2) of 158, of the Punjab Land-revenue Act, 1887, the following clause shall be added, namely :-
"(xviii-a). Any question connected with or arising out of or relating to any proceedings for the determination of boundaries of estates, subject to river action under sections 101-A, 101-B, 101-C and 101-D, respectively, of Chapter VIII."4. Regulation XI of 1825 Section 2 and 3. - (1) In section 2 of the [Bengal Regulation No. XI of 1825] (a Regulation for declaring the rules to be observed in determining claims to lands gained by alluvion or by the dereliction of a river or the sea) after the words "usage so established shall," the words following shall be inserted, namely :-
India Act XVII of 1887. Punjab Act 1 of 1899. - "Unless and until a boundary is fixed under the provisions of Section 101-A of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887, as amended by the Punjab Riverain Boundaries Act, 1899."(2) In section 3 of the same Regulation, after the word "where" the words following shall be inserted, namely :-
India Act XVII of 1887. Punjab Act 1 of 1899. "No boundary has been fixed under the provisions of section 101-A of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887, as amended by the Punjab Riverain Boundaries Act, 1899, and".