The Karnataka Agricultural Credit Operations and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1974
(Karnataka Act No. 2 of 1975)
Last Updated 10th December, 2019 [kar292]
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY 6
Preliminary1. Short title, extent and commencement. - (1) This Act may be called the Karnataka Agricultural Credit Operations and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1974. (2) It extends to the whole of the State of Karnataka. (3) It shall come into force in such areas on such [date] as the State Government may, by notification, appoint, and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of the Act and for different areas.
Object & Reasons6
|Statement of Objects and Reasons - (Act 2 of 1975). - The success brought about by the adoption of scientific and progressive techniques in the development of Indian Agriculture has created a new sense of awareness and enthusiasm in the farmer. It has also given him great hope. However, the new strategy in agricultural production calls for heavy capital investment. This in turn entails large capital requirements. The co-operative sector by itself may not be able to meet the demand. A multi-agency approach is inevitable if these credit requirements are to be met.
The commercial banks and other credit agencies have entered enthusiastically in the field of agricultural credit. In order to enable these banks and agencies to cater to the credit requirements of as large a number of agriculturists as possible any restrictions that may tend to reduce the quantum of credit have to be removed. Simultaneously the credit agencies should be given such facilities as would enable them to increase their scope and volume of lending. The agriculturists borrowing from co-opertives have been given certain facilities. These facilities should also be intended to those agriculturists who borrow from credit agencies other than co-operatives. This is so because facilities must primarily be designed for the benefit of the individual cultivator-borrower rather than for that of the lending institution. This Bill seeks to fulfil all the requirements.
The terms agriculture and agricultural purposes have been defined to encompass a vast sphaer of agrarian activity. Credit Agency has been defined to include number of lending institutions.
Agriculturists have been sought to be vested with right of alienation where hitherto they were prevented from doing so to enable them to obtain loans for agriculture purposes.
All institutional credit agencies engaged in purveying credit are treated on par so that none is handicapped because of special facilities or priorities provided to another. Provision has been made to simplify the procedure of registration of charge and mortgage in favour of credit agencies.
The difficulties which credit agencies may have in recovering loans and other operational difficulties which they may have to face are envisaged and sought to be removed. To facilitate prompt recovery of dues without having to State Government is sought to be vested with powers to prescribe an official who shall have authority to issue a certificate for recovery of dues as arrears of land revenue. Credit agencies have been empowered to bring properties to sale and also to purchase the property if there are no bidders at auctions conducted by them whenever they are required to foreclose mortgages of property executed in their favour.
Credit agencies are also enabled to finance through primary agricultural credit co-operative societies. Provision has therefore also been made to enable them to obtain the necessary information to see that the funds originally emanating from them are being properly utilised. Powers have also been sought to be vested in them to recover dues form defaulting members of co-operative societies in cases where primary societies have been assisted by the credit agencies.
Hence this Bill.
(Published in the Karnataka Gazetted Part IV-2A (Extraordinary) No.775 dated 8-5-1974 at pages 14-15.)
Statement of Objects and Reasons - (Amending Act 34 of 1978). - Government enacted the Karnataka Agricultural Credit Operations and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1974, to assist banking, agencies in the recoveries as arrears of land revenue of loans disbursed for agricultural purpose, in order that banks would be induced to lend more freely to the agricultural sector. In the actual operation of this Act, some problems have been encountered by the commercial banks. This has affected the flow of bank money for development programmes.
2. The Government of Karnataka now propose an amendment to the Act in the following directions to overcome the difficulties encountered in its operation-
(a) The most striking deficiency of the Act is the restrictive scope of the definitions of ''Agriculture'' and ''Agricultural purposes''. In particular, the exclusion of agro-based processing industries precludes a larger number of agro-based operations from coming within the ambit of the Act. In consultation with the Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation, a broad interpretation of what constitutes an ''Agricultural purpose'' has been adopted. In particular processing activities, acquisition of drought animals, and any other purpose as the State Government may specify, has been included in the definitions of ''Agriculture'' and ''Agricultural purposes''.
(b) The Reserve Bank of India had brought to the notice of the Government certain minor anomalies in the original enactment. These pertain to section 2(f) and section 13 of the Act, and the Amendment Bill attempts to rectify these anomalies.
(c) Although the Karnataka Agricultural Credit Operations and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1974, contains, in section 7, a statement of the priority of charge created in favour of the credit agency lending to an agriculturist over a subsequent charge created in favour of the State Government or a Co-operative Society, no such statement exists indicating the priority of a charge created in favour of a credit agency lending to an agriculturist over a prior charge created in favour of any other financial institutions. This lacuna is being rectified through an amendment to section 7.Hence this Bill. (Published in the Karnataka Gazetted Part IV-2A (Extraordinary) No.1103 dated 8-3-1978 at pages 4-5.) Statement of Objects and Reasons - (Amending Act 26 of 1984). - The Bill proposes to amend the Karnataka Agricultural Credit Operations and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1974, for the following purposes :- Clause 2. - (a) to include the development of inland and marines fisheries in the definition of pisciculture;
(b) to specify Regional Rural Banks established under the Regional Rural Banks Act also as credit Agencies for the purpose of the Act ; (c) to make the provisions of the Act applicable in respect of loans and advances granted prior to the commencement of the Act also.Clause 3. - To provide for the creation of a mortgage by hypothecation also. Clause 4. - To provide for the issue and registration of a certificate of discharge on the agriculturists discharging their dues. Clause 5.- (a) to provide for the recovery of the dues as arrears of land revenue from the co-obligant and the sureties of the agriculturists and their legal representatives ;
(b) to exclude the actual period occupied by the proceedings under the Act for the purposes of computing limitation for filing suits for recovery of dues in respect of financial assistance given under the Act.Clause 6. - To exempt the documents relating to the release of the mortgage or charge from the payment or registration fees. Clause 7. - (a) certain provisions of limitation Act are made applicable in respect of proceedings instituted under the Act or Rules;
(b) the burden of a proving that the mortgage or charge was not created for agricultural or other purposes is cast on the person alleging it.Hence this Bill. (Obtained from L.A. Bill No. 1 of 1984 File No. LAW 70 LGN 83.) Statement of Objects and Reasons - (Amending Act 22 of 2000). - It is considered necessary to prepare upto date Codal Volumes of the Karnataka Acts and to repeal all the spent Acts and amendment Acts from time to time. The Government constituted One-man Committee for the above purpose. The Committee has reviewed the Karnataka Acts for the period for 1.1.1956 to 31.12.1998 and has proposed this "Repealing and Amending Bill, 2000" which seeks to repeal the following types of Acts,-
(i) Acts which amended the Karnataka Acts whether they are now in force or not;
(ii) Acts which amended regional Acts which are no longer in force;
(iii) Appropriation Acts as they are spent Acts;
(iv) Acts which have been struck down or by necessary implication struck down by the Courts;
(v) Acts which are by implication repealed by Central Acts; and
(vi) Acts which are temporary and spent enactments.The Bill does not include,-
(i) Acts which amend the Central Acts and regional Acts which are in force; and
(ii) Acts which are already repealed expressly.This Bill seeks to repeal and remove all spent and amendment Acts from the Statute Book. Hence the Bill. (L.A. Bill No.17 of 2000) Statement of Objects and Reasons - (Amending Act 17 of 2007). - In G.O.NO.RD 9 BMM 2003, dated: 8.9.2005 the posts of Regional Commissioners at Bangalore, Mysore, Gulbarga and Belgaum along with supporting staff has been created. The Regional Commissioners have to be conferred with statutory powers by necessary amendments to the relevant Acts. Since the matter was urgent and the Karnataka Legislature was not in session, the Karnataka Land Revenue and Certain Other Laws (Amendment) Ordinance 2006(Karnataka Ordinance No.5 of 2006) was promulgated to achieve the above Object. Hence the Bill. [L.A.Bill No. 7 of 2007] [Entry 5 and 18 of List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India.]
[(a) 'agriculture' or 'agricultural purposes' includes making land fit for cultivation, cultivation of land, improvement of land including development of sources of irrigation, raising and harvesting of crops, horticulture, forestry plantation (including tree crops), cattle breeding, animal husbandry, dairy farming, seed farming, pisciculture including [the development of fisheries both inland and marine and] catching fish and all activities connected therewith or incidental thereto, apiculture, sericulture, piggery, poultry, farming and such other activities as are generally carried on by agriculturists, dairy farmers, cattle breeders, poultry farmers and other categories of persons engaged in similar activities, including processing, marketing, storage and transport of agricultural produce and the acquisition of drought animals, implements and machinery in connection with such activities and such other purposes as the State Government may specify in this behalf;]
(b) "agriculturist" means a person who is engaged in agriculture;
(c) "Agro-Industries Corporation" means the Karnataka State Agro-Industries Corporation, a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956;
(d) "co-operative society" means a co-operative society registered or deemed to be registered under the Karnataka Co-operative Societies Act, 1959, the object of which is to provide financial assistance as defined in clause (f) of this section to its members and includes a Co-operative Land Development Bank;
(e) "Credit Agency" means,-
(i) a banking company as defined in the Banking Regulation Act, 1949;
(ii) the State Bank of India constituted under the State Bank of India Act, 1955;
(iii) Subsidiary Bank as defined in the State Bank of India (Subsidiary Banks) Act, 1959;
(iv) a corresponding new bank constituted under the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970;
(v) the Agricultural Refinance Corporation constituted under the Agricultural Refinance Corporation Act, 1963;
(vi) Agro-Industries Corporation as defined in clause (c);
(vii) the Agricultural Finance Corporation Limited, a company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956; and
(viii) any other financial institution notified by the State-Government as a credit agency for the purpose of this Act;
(f) "financial assistance'' for the purpose of this Act means, assistance granted [whether before or after the commencement of this Act] by way of [loan, advance, guarantee] or otherwise for agricultural purposes.
Alienation of Land or Interest Therein by Agriculturists3. Removal of restrictions on alienation. - Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force or any custom or usage having the force of law, it shall be lawful for an agriculturist to alienate the land or his interest therein whether or not a charge or mortgage is subsisting on such land or such interest, by creation of charge or mortgage of such land or interest therein in favour of a credit agency as security for the financial assistance given to him by such credit agency. 4. Vesting agriculturists not having alienable rights with rights of alienation. - Notwithstanding anything contained in the Karnataka Bhoodan Yagna Act, 1963 (Karnataka Act 34 of 1963) the State Government may, by notification, vest Bhoodan tenants with rights of alienation, including the right to create a charge or mortgage in such land or interest in favour of a credit agency for the purpose of obtaining financial assistance from the credit agency subject to such restrictions as may be specified in such notification. 5. Charge on crops and other movable property. - (1) It shall be lawful for an agriculturist to create, by way hypothecation or otherwise, a mortgage of or a charge on,-
(a) movable property, owned by him; or
(b) crops standing or otherwise, raised by him on his own land or land held by him as a tenant including other produce raised by him on such land to the extent of his interest in such crops or produce,in favour of a credit agency as security for the financial assistance given to him. (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Karnataka Co-operative Societies Act, 1959 or any other law for the time being in force, no charge in respect of financial assistance given by a co-operative society to an agriculturist shall have priority over charge on the crop raised by him, standing or otherwise, or any other movable property in respect of any financial assistance given to him by a credit agency: Provided that the financial assistance given by the credit agency is prior in point of time to that of any loan advanced to him by the co-operative society. (3) A credit agency may distrain and sell through an official designated in this behalf by the State Government the crops or other produce or other movables charged to that credit agency to the extent of the agriculturists interest therein and appropriate the proceeds of such sale towards all moneys due to the credit agency from that agriculturist. 6. Creation of charge on land or interest therein in favour of a credit agency by a declaration. - Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force,-
(i) any agriculturist given financial assistance by a credit agency may by a declaration in the prescribed form charge the land or any other immovable property owned by him or where he is a tenant of any land, his interest in such land, as security for the amount of such financial assistance and interest payable thereon. Such declaration shall be filed along with the application seeking financial assistance and shall state that the charge created thereunder shall be for the amount of financial assistance then sought for and also for all future financial assistance which the credit agency may give him,
(ii) a declaration made under clause (i) may, with the consent of the credit agency concerned, be varied by the agriculturist at any time.7. Priority of charges and mortgages over certain claims. - [(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, but subject always to the paramount charge in respect of arrears of land revenue,-
(a) no charge or mortgage created on any land or interest therein after the commencement of this Act in favour of the State Government or a co-operative society shall have priority over a charge or mortgage created on such land or interest by an agriculturist in favour of a credit agency as security for financial assistance given to him by such agency after the commencement of this Act and prior to the creation of the charge or mortgage in favour of the State Government or the co-operative society; and
(b) any charge or mortgage created on any land or interest therein in favour of a credit agency as security for financial assistance given to an agriculturist by that credit agency shall have priority over any other charge or mortgage that may have been created over such land or interest in favour of any person other than the State Government, a co-operative society or any other financial institution prior to the date on which the charge or mortgage was created in favour of the credit agency.](2) Where different charges or mortgages over the same land or any interest therein have been created or executed by an agriculturist in favour of,-
(i) the State Government; or
(ii) a co-operative society; or
(iii) one or more credit agency,such charges or mortgage out of them as is created or executed as security for the financial assistance given as term loan for development purposes shall have priority over the other charges or mortgages: Provided that prior notice thereof had been given to, and concurrence had been obtained of the State Government or the co-operative society or the credit agency, as the case may be. (3) Where more than one charge or mortgage had been created or executed as security for the financial assistance given as term loan for development purposes, the charges or mortgages shall have priority in accordance with the dates of their creation or execution. Explanation. - For the purposes of this section, ''term loan for development purposes'' means financial assistance which would generally lead to improvement of agriculture and or building up of assets in agriculture but shall not include financial assistance for meeting working capital expenses, seasonal agricultural operations and marketing of crops. (4) Nothing in this section shall apply to borrowings from one or more co-operative societies only. 8. Mortgage executed by managers of Joint Hindu Families. - (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law, where a mortgage in respect of financial assistance given by a credit agency is executed by the agriculturist manager of a Joint Hindu Family, such mortgage shall, subject to the provision of sub-section (2) be binding on every member of such family. (2) Whenever such mortgage is challenged on the ground that it was executed by the manager for a purpose not binding on the other members (whether such members have attained majority or not), the burden of proving the same shall be on party alleging it. 9. Registration of charges and mortgage in favour of a credit agency. - (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Registration Act, 1908, a charge in respect of which a declaration has been made under clause (i) of section 6 or in respect of which variation has been made under clause (ii) of that section or a mortgage executed by an agriculturist in favour of a credit agency in respect of financial assistance given by that credit agency, shall be deemed to have been duly registered in accordance with the provisions of that Act with effect from the date of such charge, variation or mortgage, as the case may be, provided the credit agency sends to the registering officer within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the whole or any part of the property charged or mortgaged is situate within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed by the State Government for this purpose, by registered post acknowledgment due, a copy of the document creating such charge, variation or mortgage duly certified to be a true copy by an employee of a credit agency authorised to sign on its behalf. (2) The registering authority receiving such document shall enter the same in Book-I. 10. Noting of charge or mortgage in the Record of Rights. - Whenever a charge or a mortgage on land or interest therein is created or executed by an agriculturist in favour of a credit agency, the credit agency shall give intimation to the Tahsildar of the taluk in which the land is situated or to any officer authorised by him, of the particulars of the charge or mortgage in its favour. The Tahsildar or the officer authorised by him shall make a note of the particulars of charge or mortgage in the Record of Rights relating to the land over which the charge or mortgage has been created. [10A. Registration of discharge certificates. - Where any document creating a charge or mortgage has been registered in accordance with section 9 and the details thereof noted in the record of rights under section 10 and the liability under the financial assistance has been discharged, the credit agency shall issue a certificate to that effect and the provisions of the said sections shall, mutatis-mutandis, apply to the registration of such certificate and to the deletion of the entry made in the record of rights.]
Recovery of Dues by Credit Agencies11. Removal of bar to attachment and sale by process of court. - Nothing in any law shall prevent in any manner a credit agency from causing any land or any interest therein mortgaged or charged to it by an agriculturist to secure any financial assistance, to be attached and sold through a civil court and applying the proceeds of such sale towards all moneys due to it from that agriculturist including the costs and expenses as may be awarded by the court. 12. Recovery of dues of a credit agency on a certificate by the prescribed officer. - (1) On an application made by a credit agency for the recovery of arrears of any sum due to it by an agriculturist towards the financial assistance given to him and on its furnishing a statement of accounts in respect of the arrears , the prescribed officer may after making such enquiries as he deems fit and after giving the agriculturist a reasonable opportunity of being heard, grant a certificate for the recovery of the amount stated therein to be due. (2) A certificate by the prescribed officer under sub-section (1) shall be final and conclusive as to the arrears due. The arrears stated to be due therein shall be recoverable as if it were an arrear of land revenue. [Explanation. - For the purposes of this section, "agriculturist" includes his co-obligants and sureties and their legal representatives to the extent of the assets of the deceased in their hands. (3) The actual period during which any proceedings under this Act or rules made thereunder were pending shall be excluded while computing the period of limitation for filing a suit for the recovery of any monies due in respect of financial assistance under this Act.] 13. Right of a credit agency to purchase 1[and dispose immoveable property]1. - (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, it shall be lawful for a credit agency to purchase [agricultural land or interest therein or any other immoveable property which has been charged or mortgaged to it] at a sale held in enforcement of the mortgage executed in its favour in respect of the financial assistance given when no person has offered to purchase it for a price which is sufficient to pay to the credit agency the moneys due to it and provisions of Chapter IV of the Karnataka Land Reforms Act, 1961 shall not be applicable in respect of the property so purchased. (2) The property so purchased shall be disposed of by such credit agency by sale within a period of five years from the date of purchase. (3) The sale by a credit agency of such property shall be subject to the provisions of the Karnataka Land Reforms Act, 1961 and the Karnataka Prevention of Fragmentation and Consolidation of Holdings Act, 1966. (4) (a) The right of sale under sub-section (2) shall be subject to the condition that the credit agency shall give notice to the agriculturist referred to in sub-section (1) of section 12 that if he actually pays within the time specified in the notice which shall not be less than sixty days,-
(i) the amount specified in the proclamation of sale for the recovery of which the sale was ordered less any amount which may since the date of such proclamation of sale have been received by the credit agency towards such amount; and
(ii) such other sums including interest as may be prescribed.
(b) The credit agency shall specify in the notice the amount to be paid.
(c) If the agriculturist actually pays the amount in terms of the notice the credit agency shall reconvey the property to him at his cost.14. Power to lease. - Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force a credit agency shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (1) of section 13, have the right to lease the land acquired by it under the said sub-section : Provided that the term of such lease shall not be more than one year at a time and that the lessee shall not acquire any interest in the land. 15. Exemption from registration fee. - Notwithstanding anything contained in the Registration Act, 1908, no fee under the said Act shall be payable in respect of an instrument by which immovable property is mortgaged or charged under this Act [or by which it is released from such mortgage or charge] 16. Power to make rules. - (1) The State Government, may, after previous publication, by notification, make rules to carry out the purposes of the Act. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(i) the form of declaration under section 6 ;
(ii) the time within which and the manner in which the credit agency should send a copy of the instrument referred to in section 9;
(iii) prescribing the officer for purposes of section 12.(3) Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made before each House of the State Legislature while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall from the date on which the modification or annulment is notified by the State Government in the official Gazette have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so however that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
Miscellaneous17. Amendment of Karnataka Act 11 of 1959. - In the Karnataka Co-operative Societies Act, 1959 (Karnataka Act 11 of 1959),-
(1) in section 2, after clause (e), the following clause shall be inserted, namely :-
"(e-1) 'credit agency' means a credit agency as defined in the Karnataka Agricultural Credit Operations and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1974;'';
(2) in sub-section (1) of section 18 after the words "any individual", the words ''or any credit agency'' shall be inserted;
(3) section 59 shall be renumbered as sub-section (1) of that section and after sub-section (1) as so renumbered, the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely :-
"(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), such co-operative societies or class of co-operative societies as the State Government may, by notification, specify shall have power to borrow from a credit agency subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.''
(4) after section 65, the following sections shall be inserted, namely :-
"65A. Report of audit, inspection and final report to be made available to a credit agency. - The Registrar shall draw the attention of a credit agency financing a co-operative society to the defects noted in any audit, inquiry or inspection of such co-operative society and shall also supply a copy of each of such audit or inquiry report, if demanded in writing by such credit agency.
65B. Inspection of books of co-operative society by a credit agency. - (1) A credit agency shall have the right to inspect the books of any co-operative society which has either applied to the credit agency for financial assistance or is indebted to it.
(2) The inspection may be made either by an officer of the credit agency or a member of its paid staff authorised by the credit agency as competent to undertake such inspection.
(3) The officer or member so inspecting shall, at all reasonable times, have free access to the books, account, documents, securities, cash and other properties belonging to or in the custody of the co-operative society and may also call for such information, statements and returns as may be necessary to ascertain the financial conditions of the co-operative society, and to ensure security of the sums lent to it by the credit agency ;'';
(5) in section 70, in clause (d) of sub-section (1), after the words ''co-operative society'', the words ''or a credit agency'' shall be inserted;
(6) after section 71A the following section shall be inserted, namely:-
"71B. Powers of credit agency to proceed against members of a co-operative society for the recovery of money due to it from such society. - (1) If a co-operative society is unable to pay its debts to a credit agency by reason of its members committing default in the payment of the moneys due by them, the credit agency may direct the committee of such co-operative society to take proceedings against such member under section 70 or initiate proceedings under section 101, as the case may be, and if the committee fails to do so within a period of ninety days from the date of receipt of such direction the credit agency may itself proceed against such defaulting members under section 70 or section 101, as the case may be, in which case, the provisions of the Act, the rules or the bye-laws shall apply as if all references to the co-operative society or its committee in the said provisions, were reference to the credit agency.
(2) Where a credit agency has obtained a decree or award against a co-operative society in respect of money due to it from the co-operative society the credit agency may proceed to recover such moneys firstly from the assets of the co-operative society and secondly from the members of the co-operative society to the extent of their debts due to the society.''
Bangalore, dated 17th July 1975. [No. PD 87 PCM 71]S.O. 2050. - In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (3) of Section 1 of the Karnataka Agricultural Credit Operations and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1974 (Karnataka Act 2 of 1975), the Government of Karnataka hereby appoints the Seventeenth day of July 1975 as the date on which the said Act shall come into force in the whole of the State of Karnataka.