The Maharashtra Vexatious Litigation (Prevention) Act, 1971
Maharashtra Act No. 48 of 1971
(a) in Greater Bombay, without the leave of the High Court; and
(b) elsewhere in the State, without the leave of the District and Sessions Judge At the hearing of any such application, the Advocate General may appear through a pleader.(2) Such leave shall not be given unless the High Court or the Judge, as the case may be, is satisfied that the proceedings are not an abuse of the process of the Court and that there is prima facie ground for the proceedings. (3) No appeal shall lie against an order refusing leave for the institution or continuance of any proceedings by a person who is the subject of an order for the time being in force under sub-section (1). Nothing in this sub-section shall apply to any appeal which may lie to any proceeding before the Supreme Court. (4) If it appears to the High Court that the person against whom an application is made under sub-section (1), is unable on account of poverty, to engage a pleader, the High Court may engage a pleader to appear for him. Explanation. - For the purpose of this section, "pleader" has the same meaning as in clause (15) of section 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908. (5) A copy of every order made under sub-section (1) directing any person to obtain leave before instituting or continuing proceedings shall be published in the Official Gazette and may also be published in such other manner as the High Court thinks fit. 3. Proceedings instituted or continued without leave to be dismissed. - Any proceedings instituted or continued in any Court by a person against whom an order under sub-section (1) of the last preceding section has been made, without obtaining the leave referred to in that section, shall be dismissed by the Court: Provided that, this section shall not apply to any proceedings instituted for the purpose of obtaining such leave. 4. Saving. - The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to and not in derogation of the provisions of any other law for the time being in force for prevention of vexatious proceedings or other abuse of legal process, or which require consent, sanction or approval in any form of any other authority for the institution or continuance of any proceedings.
NotificationsG. IN., L. & J.D., No. CPR. 1468/4990-H-2, dated 5th February, 1972 (M. G., Part IV-B, page 288) - In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (3) of section 1 of the Maharashtra Vexatious Litigation (Prevention) Act, 1971 (Maharashtra XLVIII of 1971), the Government of Maharashtra hereby appoints the 1st day of March 1972 as the date on which the said Act shall come into force.