The Assam Cattle Diseases Act, 1948
Assam Act 26 of 1948
(i) "cattle" means cows, bulls, bullocks, buffaloes, sheep and goats and the young ones of this species of both sexes and such other domesticated animals as may be prescribed ;
(ii) "contagious disease" means a disease specified in the Schedule to this Act and any other disease which the State Government may by Notification in the official Gazette, declare to be a contagious disease;
(iii) "infected area" means an area in respect of which a Notification under Section 10 is in force ;
(iv) "infective" used in reference to any animals affected by a contagious disease or having recently been in contact with or proximity to an animal so affected;
(v) "inoculation" means inoculation with any protective serum or vaccine or with both;
(vi) "owner" in relation to any animal includes a person having charge of any animal ;
(vii) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(viii) "Veterinary Officers" means any officer of the Civil Veterinary Department, not below the rank of Veterinary Assistant Surgeon.3. Seasons and routes for importation of cattle. - (1) On Sections 3 to 8 having been extended to any area, the State Government, may by Notification, appoint the season during which and the route and routes by which cattle may be imported into such area, and no person shall import cattle into such area otherwise than during the season and by the route so appointed. Quarantine stations. - (2) The State Government may establish quarantine stations for inspection and detention of such cattle along the routes appointed under sub-section (I). 4. Vaccination and Marking of cattle. - (1) All cattle arriving at quarantine station shall-
(a) be vaccinated against such contagious diseases, as may be notified in this behalf unless the veterinary officer of the station is satisfied that they have been vaccinated against such disease within 8 months immediately preceding their arrival or within such longer periods so preceding as may be prescribed ; and
(b) be marked in the prescribed manner.Period of detention of cattle at quarantine station. - (2) The period of detention of cattle at a quarantine station for the purpose of inspection and vaccination shall be such as may be prescribed. Assistance of Veterinary Officer for inspection, etc. of cattle. - (3) Every person in charge of cattle shall give reasonable assistance to the veterinary officer of the station and his subordinates for the inspection, vaccination and marking of such cattle. 5. Feeding and upkeep of detained cattle. - (1) All cattle detained in a quarantine station shall remain under the care of the person in charge who shall be responsible for their feeding and upkeep. (2) The State Government shall make appropriate arrangements for the supply of cattle food, grazing and water and may recover the charges incurred by the levy of fees as may be prescribed. Precaution against straying of cattle. - (3) Every person in charge of cattle shall, during the period of detention, take reasonable precautions against their straying from their limits of the quarantine station or from the place allotted for their halt. 6. Liability to pay vaccination and marking fees. - (1) The person in charge of cattle shall pay all dues in respect of detention of such cattle in a quarantine station including such fees as may be prescribed for vaccination and marking. (2) If such dues are not paid, the veterinary officer of the station may seize as many cattle as will, in his opinion, suffice to defray the dues leviable under sub-section (1) and such incidental charges in connection with the seizure and sale and forthwith report the fact to the Deputy Commissioner or such other officer as may have been appointed by the Deputy Commissioner in this behalf. (3) The Deputy Commissioner or other officer appointed may, if satisfied that such dues have been paid, issue such notice or proclamation as may be prescribed and cause the cattle so seized, or as many as will, in his opinion, suffice to defray the dues and incidental charges to be sold by auction and the proceeds of the sale applied to the payment of-
(a) the amount due under sub-section (1);
(b) the charges in connection with the seizure, custody, feeding and upkeep of the cattle and the proceedings of sale.(4) The balance of the purchase money, if any, shall be delivered to the person who was in charge of the cattle when they were seized or their owner together with an account showing-
(a) the number of cattle seized and sold ;
(b) the time during which they had been in custody;
(c) the proceeds of sale ; and
(d) the manner in which those proceeds have been disposed of.7. Permit of release of cattle. - The veterinary officer of a quarantine station shall, at the time of release of cattle from the station, grant in such form as may be prescribed, a permit to the person in their charge, and such person shall, while in charge of the cattle, produce it whenever so required by such officer, as may be prescribed. If such person fails to produce a permit the officer aforesaid shall give him reasonable facility to produce the same within the time given. 8. Prohibition to pass beyond quarantine station. - No person importing cattle into any area during a season and by route appointed for such area under Section 3 shall pass beyond a quarantine station unless the holds a permit under Section 7 in respect of the cattle in his charge. 9. Report of contagious disease. - Every owner or person in charge or having control of an animal, and every veterinary practitioner attending any animal in the course of his veterinary practice or otherwise, who has reason to believe that such animal is infective, shall forthwith report and any other person who has reason to believe that an animal is infective may report the fact to the veterinary officer within the area of which such animal is for the time being kept. 10. Power to notify infected areas. - The State Government or such officer as it may authorise in this behalf may, in the manner prescribed, declare any local area in which any cattle is affected by or exposed to any contagious disease specified in such notification to be an infected area. 11. Prohibition of movement of animals, etc., into or out of infected areas. - (1) Save in accordance with the conditions of a licence granted by a veterinary officer.
(a) no person shall remove any animal, alive or dead, or any product of any animal (including its excreta) or any part of any animal or any fodder, bedding, harness or other thing used in connection with an animal, and
(b) no person owing or having charge or control of any animal shall proceed, from any place within an infected area to any place outside such area or from any place outside an infected area to any place within such area.(2) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall prevent the carriage of railway, or by any mechanically propelled vessel of a type approved by the State Government of any animal or thing referred to in that sub-section through an infected area : Provided that if such an animal or thing at any stage during its carriage by railway or such vessel through an infected area is unloaded therein, it shall not be removed therefrom save in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1). 12. Prohibition of markets, fairs, etc. in infected areas. - No person shall organise, promote or hold in any infected area any animal market, animal fair, animal exhibition or other concentration of animals whether for the purpose of sport or trade without the permission in writing of the State Government or such officer as the State Government may authorise in this behalf. 13. Inoculation of animals. - (1) On the issue of a notification under Section 10 a veterinary officer appointed for the infected area may inoculate every healthy animal of the species affected by or exposed to the contagious disease specified in the notification. (2) For the purpose of including any such animal the veterinary officer may, by notice in writing, call upon the owner of the animal to produce it for inoculation at the time and place specified in such notice and such owner shall give that officer reasonable facility and assistance in carrying out the inoculation. 14. Compulsory segregation and treatment of animals in infected areas. - If a veterinary officer after due examination of an animal and such inquiry as may be necessary, is of the opinion that such animal is infective, he may, by order in writing, direct the owner of such animal-
(a) to keep it where it is for the time being or remove it or allow it to be removed to such place of isolation or segregation as may be specified in the order;
(b) to subject it to such treatment as may be specified in the order; and such owner shall comply with such order.15. Compulsory inoculation of animals. - (1) The State Government in the manner prescribed, notify any local area as a compulsory inoculation area in respect of Reinderpest or any other contagious disease, specified in the Schedule. (2) A veterinary officer may inoculate any animal of the species specified in a notification under sub-section (1). (3) For the purpose of inoculation any such animal a veterinary officer may, by notice in writing call upon the owners of the animal to produce it for inoculation at the time and place specified in such notice and such owner shall give that officer reasonable facility and assistance in carrying out the inoculation. 16. Marketing of animals. - For the purpose of identification the veterinary officer may mark the inoculated animal by branding or tatooing with letters or numerals or with both. 17. Certificate of inoculation. - When inoculation has been carried out under Sections 13,14 or 15 the Veterinary Officer shall, if requested by the owner of the inoculated animal, issue a certificate in the prescribed form showing that the animal has been inoculated against the disease shown in such certificate. 18. No fee to be charged for inoculation. - Except as provided in sub-section (1) of Section 6 no fee shall be recoverable for inoculation carried out in accordance with the provisions of this Act. 19. Non-compliance with Section 13,14 or 15 to be reported to police. - If the owner of an animal in respect of which a notice has been issued under sub-section (2) of Section 13 or Section 14 or sub-section (3) of Section 15 fails to observe a direction issued by the veterinary officer in accordance with the provisions of the said sections, the veterinary officer concerned shall report the default to the nearest police station and the officer in charge of such police station shall thereupon seize the animal and detain it for production before the veterinary officer, reporting the default. 20. Recovery of expense of detention. - The expenses of detention and production before the Veterinary Officer incurred under Section 19 shall be recoverable at such rates as may be prescribed from the owner of the animal if he fails to pay the amount due, it may, without prejudice to any other mode of recovery be recovered by sale, by public auction of such number of the owner's animals as may be sufficient to realise such amount. 21. Manner of the disposal of carcasses of infective animals. - (1) On the issue of a notification under Section 10, the owner of any animal which has died or believed to have died of any contagious disease, shall bury the animal at least 6 feet below, the surface of the ground or deal with it in such manner as may be prescribed. (2) A Veterinary Officer, when he has reason to believe that any animal has died of any contagious disease, issue a notice to the owner to bury such animal in the manner provided in sub-section (1). (3) No person shall dis-inter or otherwise remove the carcass of any animal buried in compliance with the provisions of sub- sections (1) and (2). 22. Penalty. - Whoever contravenes any of the provisions or any rule or order made thereunder shall, on conviction be punishable with fine not exceeding fifty rupees, or in default of simple imprisonment for a term not exceeding one month. 23. Bar of legal proceedings. - No suit, prosecution or other legal proceedings shall lie against any person for anything in good faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Act. 24. Rules. - (1) The State Government may make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act. (2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing provisions, the State Government may make rules-
(a) prescribing the manners in which the are may be declared to be an infected area or a compulsory inoculation area;
(b) prescribing the form of notice issued under sub- section (2) of Section 13, Section 14 and sub-section (3) of Section 15;
(c) prescribing the form of certificate granted under Section 16;
(d) providing for the custody of animals detained under this Act, and for their feeding and watering while under detention and prescribing the charges to be levied for feeding and watering such animal and for their production to the police before the Veterinary Officer;
(e) regulating the sale of animals liable to be sold under Section 20;
(f) providing for the disinfection of the buildings where infected animals are kept in infected areas;
(g) prescribing the manner of disposal of carcasses of infected animals under Section 21;
(h) prescribing the fee for vaccination and marking under Section 6.(3) All rules made under this Act shall be laid before the Assam Legislative Assembly, as soon as possible after they are made and shall be subject to such modifications or amendments as may be made by the said Assembly.
[See Section 2]
(2) Black Quarter.
(3) Bovine Contagious Pleuro-pneumonia.
(4) Contagious Abortion.
(5) Haemorrhage Septicaemia.