Rules Relating to the Payment of Expenses to Witnesses in Criminal Courts (1951)
Published vide Notification No. F.21(250) Jd./49, dated 6.1.1951 (published in Rajasthan Gazette, part 4B, dated 24.2.1951).
(a) When the journey is by road and performed in a hired conveyance or his own conveyance the actual expenses incurred up to a maximum limit of four annas a mile or in the case of witnesses of superior ranks, upto six annas a mile. To towns where licensed hackney carriages ply for hire, the actual cost of hiring a vehicle suited to the rank of a witness may be allowed, if in the opinion of the Court, the use of such vehicle was necessary;
(b) Where the journey is wholly or partly by rail -
(i) generally, railway fare by the lowest class.5. Payment should be made personally by the Court and without delay - It is the duty of the Magistrate to ascertain in each case how far the witness has to travel to and from the Court and how many days it takes the witness to travel to the court to give evidence and to return to his home. Every endeavour should be made to avoid delay in payment of the expenses of witnesses. As soon as the evidence of the prosecution witnesses in cases launched by the State has been recorded, the Magistrate should have the memorandum of costs of witnesses made out and forwarded to the Nazir from whom he should receive and personally disburse the amount to the witnesses before leaving the Court. 6. Expenses of Government Servants - (1) An officer of the Government who is summoned to give evidence of facts which have come to his knowledge or of matters with which he has had to deal in his public capacity in a criminal case (including a case before a Court Martial) is entitled to draw travelling allowance from Government. Accordingly, the Courts should not grant to Government Officer exception two cases maintenance below fees or expenses which may, have been deposited in such cases for their travelling and halting or subsistence allowances. The amount should be credited to Government under the head 'XXI Administration of Justice-Miscellaneous Fees and Fines'. In the case of employees of the Central Government or a State Railway or an other Commercial Department of Government, however, sums deposited for diet money will be credited in the Treasury to the credit of the Government concerned i.e. Central Railway, or any other commercial Department of Government, as the case may be. Exception - (i) When a Government servant is summoned to give evidence at a Court situate not more than 5 miles from his headquarters or to give evidence of facts which came to his knowledge in his private capacity and is, therefore, not entitled to any travelling allowance under the ordinary rules from Government, the Court may, if it considers necessary, pay him the actual travelling expenses incurred. Exception - (ii) When the salary of the Government servant summoned does not exceed Rs. 35/- per mensem such official may receive his expenses from the Court. (2) The practice of requiring the parties to pay the subsistence allowance of a Government servant at the rate of pay of official concerned is illegal. A Government servant is entitled only to his subsistence allowance at the rate prescribed above for other witnesses. (3) Court Certificate - In all cases in which an officer of Government is summoned to give evidence, the Court should give him a certificate in the following form (A) specifying the dates on which the officer was required to attend and the amount, if any, paid by the Court. The Certificate will (1) be attached by the officer concerned to any travelling allowance bill which he may submit under the rules quoted above. A copy of the certificate should invariably be endorsed to the Head of the Department concerned for his information.
Form of certificate to be given by the Court to an officer of Government summoned to give evidence at a Court.In the Court of the.........in the.........District. 1. Certified that..........was summoned to give evidence in this Court in his public/private capacity in the case of.........and was required to attend for a period of days, that is, from the......to the........... *Here enter the name and official designation of the officer. *He was paid the following amounts in accordance with the rules of the Court. *To be cut out when nothing is paid. 2. The amount of.......as his diet-money has been /will be deposited in the local treasury/Sub Treasury......on (date)........... * Paragraph two is only required in the following cases, namely:- Note 1. In cases in which Government servants have to give evidence at a Court situate not more than 5 miles from their headquarters or in their private capacity, actual travelling expenses incurred by them may when the court considers it necessary, be paid to them. Note 2. A Government servant whose salary does not exceed Rs. 10/- per mensem may receive his expenses from the Court. 7. Expenses of persons subject to Military Travelling Allowance Rules - Individuals subject to the military travelling allowance rules when they are detailed or summoned either as witnesses or accused to attend a Civil Court in a criminal case, are entitled to payment of travelling expenses by the Court only when they are not entitled to free conveyance at the expense of the Army under paragraph 201-11 of Passage Regulations, India, which is reproduced as under:- Paragraph 201-II - Witnesses attending Civil Court-An individual detailed or summoned either as a witness or as an accused to attend a Civil Court in a Criminal case involving the interests of the State, provided that in the case of a witness the facts as to which he is to give evidence have come to his knowledge in the discharge of his public duties, will be entitled to free conveyance. When such conveyance is provided, a witness may not accept any payment on account of travelling or subsistence allowance from the Court. Any fees which may be deposited in the court for the travelling and subsistence allowance of the witness must be credited to Government. It the Court in which he gives evidence is situated within 5 miles (or 10 miles in the case of a mounted officer of his headquarter and no travelling allowance is, therefore, admissible for the journey, he may, if he be not in receipt of permanent travelling allowance, accept such payment of actual travelling expenses, as the Court may make. Note 1. An individual summoned to give evidence while on leave is entitled to conveyance as if he were on duty from and to the place at which he is ummoned. Note 2. When a witness attends a Civil Court in his private capacity, he is only entitled to such travelling and subsistence allowance as are admissible in accordance with the rules of the Court. If the Court pays him any sum as subsistence allowance or compensation, apart from travelling expenses, he must credit that sum to Government before drawing full pay for the days or days of absence. An individual ordinarily eligible to travel on warrant will be entitled to receive advance of travelling expenses for both the forward and return journeys which will be refunded as soon as such charges are paid to him by the court. 8. Expenses of a Civil Surgeon - (1) The attendance of the [Principal Medical Officer or District Medical and Health Officer] at the Criminal Courts of the station for the purpose of giving evidence, is one of his ordinary official duties and he is not entitled to claim nor are the Court authorised to grant, a fee for this duty. When a [Principal Medical and Health Officer] is required to proceed more than five miles beyond the limits of his station , he is entitled to travelling allowance under the ordinary rules relating to such allowance. (2) [Civil Assistance Surgeons Class I and Civil Assistant Surgeons Class II] should when summoned to attend a Court in their official capacity be paid the actual expenses incurred by them on account of carriage hire, when their attendance in Court entails such expenditure. 9. Experts - In regard to witnesses summoned as "Experts", a fee, having reasonable relation to the loss of income, inconvenience and trouble occasioned should be fixed. But it must be remembered that a witness ought not to be classed as "Expert" merely on the strength of cross examination. The nature, of the evidence is to be determined by these facts to which a witness testified in examination-in-chief. If there are facts relating to circumstances observed by a person in his or her ordinary capacity, the evidence given in ordinary evidence if there are conclusions drawn by professional witnesses from hypothetical facts not within their special knowledge, or if the conclusions are based on a professional examination, the evidence given is expert evidence. The line taken in Cross-examination to test the accuracy of conclusions drawn from facts observed has nothing to do with the nature of the evidence given. [9A. These Rules shall also extend to the Abu, Ajmer and Sunel areas; and the corresponding rules in force in the said areas shall stand superseded.]