Tamil Nadu Electricity (Taxation on Consumption) Act, 1962
(Tamil Nadu Act No. 4 of 1962)
Last Updated 20th January, 2020 [tn1068]
(1) "consumer" with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, includes any person who consumes energy whether generated by himself or supplied to him.Explanation I. - Where a licensee consumes energy, whether generated by himself or supplied to him, such licensee shall be deemed to be a consumer only in respect of the energy so consumed. Explanation II. - Where a licensee or other person consumes energy for purposes connected with the construction, maintenance and operation of the generating, transmitting and distributing system, such licensee or person shall not be deemed to be a consumer in respect of the energy so consumed;
[(1-A) "Domestic Bulk Supply" means energy supplied for lighting, fans, refrigerators, cookers and similar domestic appliances on a combined circuit, where the connected and utilized load in electrical equipment (other than lights, radios and fans) is not less than 1,000 watts];
(2) "energy" means electrical energy;
(3) "energy intensive industries" means industries in which the price of energy used in the process of manufacturing or producing the principal product of the industry concerned exceeds 15 per centum of the total cost of the manufacture or production of that product and includes the industries manufacturing or producing the following, namely
(ii) bleaching powder;
(iii) calcium carbide;
(iv) caustic soda;
(v) synthetic gem;
(4) "Government" means the State Government;
(5) "High Tension Supply" means energy supplied at more than 400 volts in respect of alternating current and at more than 440 volts in respect of direct current;
(6) "licensee" means-
(i) the State Electricity Board; and
(ii) any person licensed under Part II of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (Central Act IX of 1910), to supply energy or any person who has obtained the sanction of the Government under section 28 of that Act to supply energy
(7) "Low Tension Supply" means energy supplied at 400 volts or less in respect of alternating current and at 440 volts or less in respect of direct current;
(8) "person" includes a company, local authority of a licensee:
(9) "Price of energy" means the money consideration by the licensee but does not include-
(i) meter charges:
(ii) interest on delayed payments;
(iii) fuel surcharge: and
(iv) fuse-off call charges and re-connection charges,Explanation. - (a) Where no energy at all has been Maimed, minimum charges or fixed charges, as the case may be, shall not be deemed to be 'price of energy';
(b) Where the number of units of energy actually consumed is less than the tariff minimum in respect of the consumer concerned, 'price of energy' shall mean only the price of energy actually consumed and not the minimum Charges or fixed charges, as the case may be;
[(c) For the period during which the Madras Electricity Supply (Madras State Electricity Board and Licensees Areas) Surcharge Order, 1963, is in force, "price of energy" shall include that portion of the surcharge which bears to the total amount of the surcharge leviable under the said Order, the same proportion as the amount of "overall charges" as defined in the Explanation to clause 4 of the said. Order, excluding the aggregate amount of the charges mentioned in items (i) to (iv) of this clause, bears to the total amount of the overall charges aforesaid;]
(10) "State Electricity Board" means the [Tamil Nadu State Electricity Board] constituted under section 5 of the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (Central Act LIV of 1948);
(11) "textile industry" means any industry in which textiles (including those dyed, printed or otherwise processed)-
(i) made wholly or in part of cotton, including cotton yarn, hosiery and rope;
(ii) made wholly or in part of jute including jute twine and rope.
(iii) made wholly or in part of wool, including wool tops, woolen yarn, hosiery, carpets and drugget's;
(iv) made wholly or in part of silk, including silk yarn and hosiery;
(v) made wholly or in part of synthetic, artificial (man-made) fibres, including yarn and hosiery of such fibres, are manufactured or produced.3. Levy of tax on consumption of energy. - (1)(a) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, there shall be levied and paid to the Government every month a tax on the consumption of energy (hereinafter referred to as the electricity tax).
[(b) The electricity tax shall be calculated at the following rates on the basis of the price of energy consumed by the consumer, namely:-
(i) High Tension Supply subject to items (ii) to (iv)
Thirty-five per centum of the price of energy consumed.
(ii) High Tension Supply for textile industry.
Thirty per centum of the price of energy consumed.
(iii) High Tension Supply for cement industry.
Fifteen per centum of the price of energy consumed.
(iv) High Tension Supply for energy intensive industries.
Ten per centum of the price of energy consumed.
(v) Low Tension Supply (including Low Tension Domestic Bulk Supply), subject to item (vi).
Twenty per centum of the price of energy consumed.
(vi) Low Tension Supply for domestic purposes (other than Domestic Bulk Supply).
Ten per centum of the price of energy consumed:
(i) deduct such amount of electricity tax from the amount, if any, deposited by the consumer with the licensee or the person supplying energy free of charge; or
(ii) after giving not less than seven clear day's notice in writing to the consumer, cut off supply of energy to the consumer; and the licensee or the person supplying energy free of charge may, for that purpose, exercise the power conferred on a licensee by sub-section (1) of section 24 of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (Central Act IX of 1910) for the recovery of any charge or sum due in respect of energy supplied by him.6. Obligation of licensee to keep books of account and to submit returns. - Every person who (sic) energy by himself and every licensee shall keep books of account, in the prescribed form and submit to the Government or to the prescribed officer, returns in such form and at such times as may be prescribed, showing,-
(i) the units and price of energy consumed by him or supplied by him to each consumer, as the case may be;
(ii) the amount of electricity tax payable thereon and recovered or paid by him under this Act; and
(iii) such other particulars as may be prescribed.7. Inspecting Officers. - (1) The Government may, by notification, appoint Inspecting Officers to inspect the prescribed books of account kept under section 6. (2) The Inspecting Officers shall perform such duties and exercise such powers as may be prescribed for the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act and the rules made thereunder. (3) Every Inspecting Officer appointed under this section shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (Central Act XLV of 1860), and the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1947 (Central Act II of 1947). 8. Recoveries. - Any sum due on account of electricity tax, if not paid the time and in the manner prescribed, shall be (sic) to be arrears, and thereupon such interest not Proceeding twelve per centum per annum which the Government (sic) by general or special order fix, shall be payable sum; and the sum, together with any interest thereupon shall be recoverable either through a civil court or an arrear of land revenue,-
(i) if the sum was payable under sub-section (1) of section 5, either from the consumer or from the license the option of the Government or of the prescribed Officer;
(ii) if the sum was payable under sub-section (2) of section 5,-
(a) in any case where any person other than a consumes energy generated by himself, from such person; or
(b) in any case where the licensee consumes energy generated by himself or supplied to him, from such licensee; or
(c) in any case where any person supplies energy free of charge, from the consumer or from the person applying energy free of charge, at the option of the Government or of the prescribed officer.9. Decision of certain dispute. - (1) If any dispute arises regarding-
(i) the liability to pay electricity tax under this Act; or
(ii) the rate or the amount of electricity tax-payable under this Act, such dispute shall be decided by the Electrical Inspector appointed under sub-section (1) of section 36 of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (Central Act IX of 1910) and having Jurisdiction. The decision of the Electrical Inspector shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), be final.(2) From every decision of the Electrical Inspector under sub-section (1), an appeal shall, within such time as pay be prescribed, lie to the Government whose decision thereon shall be final. 10. Penalties. - If any person-
(a) liable under section 6 to keep books of account or submit returns, fails to keep or submit the same in the, manner prescribed; or
(b) intentionally obstructs an Inspecting Officer, appointed under section 7 in the exercise of his powers or the performance of his duties under this Act or the rules made thereunder; or
(c) contravenes any rule made under this Act;he shall be punished with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees. 11. Offences by companies. - (1) If the person committing an offence under this Act is a company, the company as well as every person in charge of, and responsible to, the company for the conduct of its business at the time of the commission of the offence shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly: Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment, if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence, (2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to proceeded against and punished accordingly. Explanation. - For the purposes of this section-
(a) 'company' means any body corporate and include a firm or other association of individuals; and'
(b) 'director' in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.12. Exemption from tax. - (1) Where energy under High Tension Supply consumed in the process of manufacturing or producing the principal product in any industrial undertaking license under the Industries (Development and Regulation) Ac 1951 (Central Act LXV of 1951), no electricity tax shall be payable on the energy so consumed for a period three years from the date of the commencement of the manufacture or production of the principal product such undertaking. (2) For the purposes of sub-section (1), if any question arises in regard to the date of the commencement of the manufacture or production of the principal product, the question shall be decided by the prescribed officer in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed and his decision thereon shall be final. 13. Power of Government to notify exemptions and reductions. - (1) The Government may, by notification, make an exemption or reduction in rate, in respect of the electricity tax payable under this Act by any specifier class of persons, having regard to all or any of the following matters, namely.
(a) the nature of the business or industry carried on by such class of persons;
(b) the price of energy consumed in relation to the total cost of the manufacture or production, of the principal product in any industrial undertaking owned or controlled by such class of persons;(c) such other matters as may be prescribed. (2) Any exemption from electricity tax or reduction in the rate of electricity tax notified under sub-section (1) may be subject to such restrictions and conditions as may be specified in the notification. (3) The Government may, by notification, cancel or vary any notification issued under sub- section (1). 14. Effect of [Tamil Nadu Act] V of 1939. - The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, the [Tamil Nadu] Electricity Duty Act, 1939 ([Tamil Nadu] Act V of 1939). 15. Power to make rules. - (1) The Government may make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act. (2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for-
(a) all matters expressly required or allowed by this Act to be prescribed;
(b) the procedure to be followed by the Electrical Inspector for deciding disputes under sub-section (1) of section 9;
(c) the procedure to be followed by the Government for deciding appeals under sub- section (2) of section 9;
(d) the manner of determining the total cost of the manufacture or production of the principal product for purposes of clause (3) of section 2 and clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 13;
(e) the installation of meters by persons who consume energy generated by themselves.16. Power to Remove difficulties. - If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act, the Government may, as occasion may require, by order, do anything which appears to them necessary for the purpose of removing the difficulty. 17. Publication of rules and placing of rules and orders before the Legislature. - (1) All rules made under section 15 shall be published in the [Fort] St. George Gazette and, unless they are expressed to come into force on a particular day, shall come into force on the day on which they are so published. (2) Every rule made under section 15 and every order manufacture Milder section 16 shall, as soon as possible after it is made, be placed on the table of both Houses of the Legislature and if before the expiry of the session in which it is so placed or the next session, both Houses agree in making any modification in any such rule or order or both Houses agree take in rule or order should not be made, the rule or order shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or (sic) of no effect, as the case may be, so however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule or order. 18. Act to be subject to Article 288. - This Act shall have Effect subject to the provisions of Article 288 of the Constitution.